We continue over the old town wall passing the Mariatoren , a former arsenal, walk over the bridge R., and the zebra crossing, stopping before the railway crossing to look at two wall panels on the house opposite.
Koepoortsweg nr. 5 (anno 1648) The Koepoortsweg was once an important road leading into the town with on the site of the bridge a town gate, the Koepoort or Cattle Bridge. The wall panels we see here were probably a kind of promotion for Hoorn's markets.
Saint Laurence (patron saint of the August Markets, first recorded in 1485)
Laurentius, or Laurence, is said to be Spanish-born but to have grown up in Italy. He became Archdeacon to Pope Sixtus II in Rome. Under Caesar Valerianus there was once again state persecution of the Christian church and the Pope and Laurence,together with the other archdeacons, were imprisoned. All except Laurence were to be executed, he was to be questioned under torture. Laurence regarded Pope Sixtus not only as his superior but also as a fatherly friend and moreover as his example.
According to the legend Laurence accompanied Pope Sixtus to the place of execution weeping and calling "Where are you going without your son? ". The Pope comforted him and predicted his coming martyrdom. He told Laurence to distribute all the church treasure among the needy. However after the Pope's execution Caesar Valerianus demanded the treasure as his right, giving Laurence three days in which to comply. Laurence spent the given time distributing the treasure to impoverished Romans, on the third day he assembled all the poor and needy before Caesar saying "here is the whole treasure of the Christian church".
Caesar Valerianus was so furious that he had Laurence arrested and condemned to death by flogging with lead pellets and being slowly roasted on a rack S.Laurence died on August 10 in the year 258.
S. Laurence is buried together with archdeacon Stefanus in the basilica San Lorenzo (near the Via Tiburtina) originally erected by Constantine the Great By the 4th century Saint Laurence was worshipped throughout Christendom, he is the third patron saint of Rome.
Patron Saint of: the poor, archdeacons, librarians, glass blowers, glaziers, firemen, cooks, archivists, pupils, students, administrators, brewers, cake bakers, washerwomen.
Patron Saint protecting against: skin diseases, eye ailments, back problems, fire, the pest and suffering in purgatory.
Patron Saint for: souls in purgatory, good wine year.
Saint Martin (patron saint of the autumn market, approved by Philips the Good in 1446)
Martinus, or Martin, was born in Sabria, Hungary in 316; at the age of ten he was admitted into the church as catechumen or novice. He later became a soldier and served under the Caesars Constantinus and Julian. At the age of eighteen he was baptized.
According to the legend he saw a naked beggar at the town gate crying, " give me alms, for the love of God!" Martin had only his sword with him but used this to cut away half of his military cloak and give it to the man. In those times a soldier's uniform belonged half to Caesar, half to the wearer.
That same evening Martin dreamt that Christ, with the half cloak wrapped around Him, spoke to him saying, "What you have done for the least of my brethren, you have done for Me". Martin was then decided, he travelled to Poitiers where the Bishop S.Hilary became his teacher and example, under his tutorage he lived as a monk and was ordained exorcist or devil expeller.
When ordained priest Martin undertook missionary work in his homeland, his mother is said to have been his first convert, however he was driven out of the region by the anger of the Arians and the heathens. Disappointed Martin went to the island Gallinara where he lived as a hermit for some years, fulfilling a life-long desire. In 360 Bishop Hilary recalled him to Gaul, there he built a hermit's cell where he lived for many years. This would later develop into the first monastery in Gaul.
In 372 Martin was elected Bishop of Tours by the clergy and the inhabitants, he founded a monastery there and lived an exceptionally humble and holy life. Friend and biographer Sulpicius Severus frequently witnessed the miracles performed by Bishop Martin. With great devotion he preached the Gospel throughout the region and combating the heathenism practised there. His exemplary life and his justice made him loved and revered, he died at the age of 80 on November 11, 398.
In some regions there are still bonfires and children go from door to door "begging "for sweets on Saint Martin's Eve.
Patron Saint of: soldiers, horse guards, horse riders, shoe-smiths, tanners, weavers, the poor, beggars, millers, leather workers, tailors, hatters, travellers, inn-keepers, prisoners, wardens, shepherds, wine-makers and teetotallers.
Patron Saint protecting against: erysipelas, skin rashes, snake bite
Patron Saint for: a good wine harvest.